Offsetting deficit conceptualisations: methodological considerations for higher education research

  • Lynn Coleman Cape Peninsula University of Technology
Keywords: Deficit discourses, research activities, higher education, literacy practices, knowledge recontextualisation

Abstract

This paper contributes to the current introspection in the academic development community that critiques the persistent conceptualisations of students as deficient. Deficit discourses are also implicated in many of the student support, curriculum and pedagogic initiatives employed across the higher education sector. The argument developed here, unlike most of the existing debates which focus on pedagogic or institutional initiatives, explores how the research interests and methodological choices of academic developers and researchers could incorporate sensitivity against deficit conceptions and foster more contextualised accounts of students and their learning. This article uses an ethnographic study into the assignment practices of vocational higher education students to show how certain methodological and theoretical choices engender anti-deficit conceptualisations. The study’s analytic framework uses the concepts of literacy practices and knowledge recontextualisation to place analytic attention on both the students’ assignment practices and the influence of curriculum decision making on such practices. The significance of this dual focus is its ability to capture the complexity of students’ meaning-making during assignment production, without remaining silent about the structuring influence of the curriculum. I argue in this paper that the focus on both students and curriculum is able to offer contextualised accounts of students’ interpretations and enacted experiences of their assessment and curriculum environment. Exploring the multidimensional nature of student learning experiences in ways that accommodate the influence of various contextual realities brings researchers and their research agendas closer to offsetting deficit conceptualisation.

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Author Biography

Lynn Coleman, Cape Peninsula University of Technology

Lynn Coleman is a senior lecturer at Cape Peninsula University of Technology in South Africa where she has an academic staff development role. Her PhD research was in in the field of academic literacies and curriculum studies. Her research interests include academic literacies within the vocational higher education context, multimodal literacies, especially associated with visual communication and media courses and curriculum design and development. Her research and publications highlight the complexity of literacies in the curriculum context and suggest how knowledge within different domains are articulated and brought into being across vocational curricula in higher education.

Published
2016-06-15
Section
Articles